Do you have uncontrolled high blood pressure?
If you’re concerned that your high blood pressure may lead to other serious complications, you might be wondering what is the best medicine for high blood pressure.
There’s no clear-cut answer to this.
There are a lot of different medications on the market and they each serve different purposes.
Determining the Best Medicine for High Blood Pressure Is Tricky
But by working closely with your doctor, you’re bound to find the best blood pressure medication for you.
In the meantime, educate yourself on the different sorts of medications available:
1. Diuretics (Water Pills)
If your high blood pressure isn’t extreme, a doctor might first recommend diuretics. These serve to remove excess water and sodium from your body, thereby decreasing the amount of fluid flowing through the vessels. This, in turn, reduces pressure on the vessel walls.
There are three types of diuretics:
- thiazide (like Hygroton, Diuril, and Lozol)
- potassium-sparing (like Midamar, Aldactone, and Dyrenium)
- loop (like Lasix and Bumex)
Thiazide diuretics are usually the first recommended route for treating high blood pressure and heart problems related to high blood pressure.
If diuretics aren’t enough to lower your blood pressure though, there are plenty of other medications – depending on what you need.
2. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Frequently prescribed ACE inhibitors:
ACE inhibitors help relax blood vessels by preventing the formation of angiotensin – a hormone that narrows blood vessels. .
3. Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
Frequently prescribed ARBs:
Unlike ACE inhibitors that prevent the formation of angiotensin, ARBs relax the blood vessels by BLOCKING the action of angiotensin.
4. Beta Blockers
Frequently prescribed beta blockers:
Also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents, beta blockers work by blocking the potentially heart-damaging effects of adrenaline – also known as epinephrine.
These medications cause your heart to beat slower and with less force.
5. Calcium Channel Blockers
Frequently prescribed calcium channel blockers:
These medications cause the vessel muscle cells to relax by preventing dangerous calcium from entering them, as well as the heart.
6. Renin Inhibitor
Frequently prescribed renin inhibitor:
A renin inhibitor slows the production of renin; an enzyme produced by your kidneys that launches a series of chemical steps that increases blood pressure.
Other Drugs That Lower Blood Pressure
If your blood pressure goals aren’t met with one or more of the above, there are a few other classes of medications that could help:
1. Alpha Blockers
Alpha blockers work by preventing noradrenaline (norepinephrine) from tightening the muscles in the walls of smaller arteries and veins. They relax certain muscles which help small blood vessels remain open.
2. Alpha-Beta Blockers
Similar to beta blockers, these are usually prescribed for those with high blood pressure who are at risk of heart failure.
3. Aldosterone Antagonists
These are often prescribed to people with heart failure or diabetes, older patients, African-Americans and those whose hypertension is difficult to treat. They’re often combined with a diuretic.
4. Central-Acting Agents
These medications prevent your brain from sending signals to your nervous system that tell it to speed up your heart rate and narrow your blood vessels.
Like calcium channel blockers, these medications dilate blood vessels to allow blood to flow more easily so your heart doesn’t have to pump as hard. The difference is, vasodilators work directly on the vessel walls.
You don’t have to live with the fear of complications from high blood pressure. Your doctor can help you determine which will be the best medicine for high blood pressure for you.
Then once you have the appropriate medication, you don’t need to rely on your local pharmacy. Shop online pharmacies to get significant savings. Your heart will thank you.